Consumer rebound combines old and new

Russ explores what’s driving the continued strength of the consumer.

Despite the worst recession and public health crisis in generations, the U.S. consumer is (once again) defying the pessimists. Besides the rapidity and magnitude of the rebound, what is also remarkable: the breadth. While online commerce continues to surge, spending has broadened to include more traditional categories, notably autos and housing.

I last discussed the consumer in early June. At the time I suggested that a combination of record stimulus, resilient housing and an improved balance sheet would prevent a collapse. Since then both spending and consumer stocks have beat expectations. After bottoming at a 20% year-over-year decline, retail sales are rising at nearly 3%.

As spending has rebounded so have consumer stocks. During the past three months the consumer discretionary sector has gained approximately 14%, second only to the technology sector. Gains have been led by a melt-up in internet commerce names, but other industries are also rallying. Home improvement, general merchandise retailers, and home builders have all posted double-digit gains.

While the big gains may be behind us, I would expect spending to continue to firm. Yes, fading stimulus is a risk, but it is offset by steady and strong balance sheets, a rapidly healing labor market and a surge in housing.

Wealth up, debt down

Back in June I highlighted that household balance sheets have recently been a source of strength. The last three months have witnessed further improvement. Household debt as a percentage of disposable income remains at a 20-year low while debt servicing costs have never been lower. Meanwhile, net worth is supported by both a rising stock market and a housing rebound.

Sharp snapback in jobs

The best predictor of spending is the labor market, and it is here that we’ve seen the largest improvement. The unemployment rate fell from a peak of 14.7% in June to 8.4% in August. As a comparison, in the post-global financial crisis period it took 15 months for the unemployment rate to fall from a much lower peak to current levels. And as jobs have returned, the participation rate and wages have also improved.

No place like home

While the housing sector is smaller than at its 2006 peak, housing and related activity still exert an outsized impact on consumption as new owners furnish and decorate. The recent surge in housing is being fueled by record low mortgage rates and a renewed interest in home owning and suburbia. As a result, housing starts and pending home sales are both surging.

U.S. pending home sales

Chart: U.S. pending home sales

Source: Refinitiv DataStream, National Association of Realtors and BlackRock Investment Institute.

Playing a broader rebound

Although internet commerce will continue to take wallet share, investors should be looking to broaden out their consumer exposure. Consider payment companies, which benefit from an overall increase in spending, as well as names that benefit from housing: homebuilders and home improvement retailers. While consumers will continue to spend more online, households are demonstrating a newfound appreciation for a home to receive all those online deliveries.

Russ Koesterich
Portfolio Manager
Russ Koesterich, CFA, is a Portfolio Manager for BlackRock's Global Allocation Fund and is a regular contributor to Market Insights.