Where we stand

Corporate sustainability
Corporate sustainability
We put an unwavering focus on long-term sustainability and ensure it is embedded across our entire business.

Investment stewardship
Investment stewardship
We engage with companies to inform our voting and promote sound corporate governance that is consistent with sustainable, long-term value creation.
Accept Terms & Conditions

This section includes investor type descriptions for professional clients and market counterparties.

 

Professional client

A Professional Client is either: (i) a ‘deemed’ professional client; (ii) serviced-based professional client; or (iii) an assessed professional Client

 

(i) Deemed Professional Client

A person is a “deemed” professional client if the person is:

• a supranational organisation whose members are either countries, central banks or national monetary authorities
• a government, government agency, central bank or other national monetary authority of any country or jurisdiction
• a public authority or state investment body
• an Authorised Market Institution, Regulated Exchange or regulated clearing house
• a Regulated Financial Institution or the management company of a regulated pension fund;
• a Collective Investment Fund or a regulated pension fund;
• a corporate body whose shares are listed or admitted to trading on any exchange of an IOCSO member country
• trustee of a trust which has, or had during the previous 12 months, assets of at least $10 million;
• a Single Family Office licensed under the Single Family Office Regulations
• a person classified as a ‘large undertaking’ who meets two of the following criteria (i) a balance sheet total of at least $20 million; (ii) a net annual turnover of at least $40 million or (iii) own funds or called up capital of at least $2 million

 

(ii) Service-based Professional Clients

A person is a ‘serviced-based’ professional client if

• the services provided to the client is in relation to the provision of credit including arranging and/or advising on credit
• the services provided to the client relates to corporate structuring and financing such as advice relating to an acquisition, disposal, structuring, restructuring, financing or refinancing of a corporation or other legal entity i.e. takeovers, mergers and capital raising

 

(iii) Assessed-based Professional Clients

Assessed-based professional clients can be either (i) individuals; or (ii) undertakings

 

Individuals

An individual (and associated joint account holders) would be classified as an ‘assessed-based professional client’ if:

• the individual (and primary account holder, if relevant) has net assets of at least $1 million; and
• the individual is, or has been, an employee of an authorised firm or a regulated financial institution in the past two years; or
• the individual can provide evidence which demonstrates that they have sufficient knowledge and experience of relevant markets, products and associated risks

Where there is a joint account in place, the secondary account holder must obtain confirmation in writing that investment decisions relating to the joint account are made for or on behalf of the secondary account holder

 

Undertakings

Undertakings, which are generally not individuals, would be classified as ‘assessed-based’ professional clients if it:

• has own funds or called up capital of at least $1 million; and
• can evidence that they have sufficient knowledge and experience of relevant markets, products and associated risks

 

Market counterparties

A Market Counterparty is any person who is either:

• authorised firm;
• regulated financial institution; or
• professional client

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  • Professional client description
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*Source: BlackRock, People & Money, 2020