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Adapting portfolios to
climate change

Investors can no longer ignore climate change. Some may question the science, but all are faced with a swelling tide of climate-related regulations and technological disruption. We show how to mitigate climate risks, exploit opportunities or have a positive impact.

Key highlights

  • We detail how climate change presents risks and opportunities through four channels: 1) physical: more frequent and severe weather events; 2) technological: advances in batteries, electric vehicles or energy efficiency; 3) regulatory: subsidies, taxes and energy efficiency rules, and; 4) social: changing consumer and corporate preferences.
  • The longer an asset owner’s time horizon, the more climate-related risks compound. Yet even short-term investors can be affected by regulatory and policy developments, technological disruption or an extreme weather event.
  • We show how all asset owners can — and should — take advantage of a growing array of climate-related investment tools and strategies to manage risk, search for excess returns or improve their market exposure.
  • We detail what many see as the most cost-effective way for governments to meet emissions-reduction targets: policy frameworks that result in realistic carbon pricing. These would incentivize companies to innovate and help investors quantify climate factors. We see them as a scenario investors should prepare for.


Warming paths
Scenarios for global temperatures, 2010-2100

Warming paths: Climate change and global markets

The speed of the energy transition is key to assessing climate risks and opportunities. Most countries have submitted plans to reduce carbon emissions in so-called intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). The aim is to limit global warming to less than two degrees Celsius (2°C) above pre-industrial levels – the threshold where many scientists see irreversible damage and extreme weather effects kicking in.

Yet the INDCs are just a first step, as the chart above shows. No action at all or current policies would lock in much more severe warming. Slow action would mitigate regulatory risk in the short run, but raise the possibility of extreme weather events. These events, in turn, could prompt more drastic policy actions down the road. The bolder the policy action taken today, by contrast, the greater the “transition risk” for industries and assets due to fast technological and other changes.


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About our experts

Deborah Winshel
Managing Director
Deborah Winshel, Managing Director, serves as Global Head of Impact Investing. She is responsible for leading and unifying the firm's impact efforts, including the ...
Poppy Allonby
Portfolio Manager, BlackRock Natural Resources Team
Poppy Allonby, CFA, Managing Director, is a member of BlackRock's Natural Resources Team and is responsible for approx. $4 billion in global Energy investment funds. She ...
Michelle Edkins
Global Head, BlackRock’s Investment Stewardship Team
Michelle Edkins, Managing Director, is the Global Head of BlackRock's Investment Stewardship team of over 30 specialists covering the Americas; Europe, the Middle East ...
Isabelle Mateos y Lago
Chief Multi-Asset Strategist, BlackRock Investment Institute
Isabelle Mateos y Lago, Managing Director, is BlackRock's Chief Multi-Asset Strategist. As part of the BlackRock Investment Institute (BII), she is responsible for ...
Ashley Schulten
Managing Director, Head of Responsible Investing for Global Fixed Income
Ashley Schulten, Managing Director, is the Head of Responsible Investing for Global Fixed Income. Ms. Schulten is a portfolio manager on global green and socially ...
Ewen Cameron Watt
Senior Director, BlackRock Investment Institute
Ewen Cameron Watt, is a Senior Advisor to Blackrock. In this role he works with portfolio management teams, business channels and corporate communications in helping ...